Title 24 is a series of outlines for all buildings constructed in the State of California, set forth by the California Building Standards Commission. It includes twelve major parts including plumbing, electrical, mechanical and other infrastructure. Contractors, property developers and architects need to be aware of these standards in order to be in compliance with the California state Code of Regulations or risk fines and delays during construction projects.
Benefits of Title 24
There are a number of benefits associated with the adoption of California’s Title 24. To begin with, a number of safety and security concerns are addressed with the enforcement of this code which protects both building contractors and occupants during and after construction.
By setting a minimum standard which meets and exceeds current international building standards means that California will consistently stay at the forefront of development and investment efforts going forward with a positive reputation. As a byproduct of these elevated building standards, the state as a whole has seen ongoing improvements in energy efficiency, waste reduction, environmental impact, and safety hazards across the board.
The Twelve Parts of Title 24
Title 24 is broken down into twelve specific sections that address one component of any commercial building. Here is a simple overview of what each of the twelve sections entails and how it can be used:
- Part 1: Administrative Codes – This section is primarily used by state legislative boards and code enforcement agencies. It details the administrative regulations and responsibilities of the California Building Standards Commission and other state level agencies that are involved in building code enforcement.
- Part 2: California Building Code – This two-volume code book is a general collection of all building standards within the state of California for both non-residential buildings and residential applications. It includes minimum building requirements, accessibility information, fire safety and other hazardous conditions. It provides the basic groundwork upon which Title 24 is enacted and also includes a breakdown of state agency adoption of rules.
- Part 3: California Electrical Code – Built upon the current national standards for electrical installation with insight from the National Fire Protection Association, the CEC is an updated list of minimum operating standards for electricity that prevents harm, death and disability to building occupants.
- Part 4: California Mechanical Code – Primarily concerned with ventilation, heating, and other mechanical features of a building, the CMC protects against injuries incurred by the use of standard HVAC systems in any non-residential building.
- Part 5: California Plumbing Code – The CPC is designed to ensure that all plumbing installation is done in such a way that water and waste are being safely removed from the building and will not cause harm to anyone in or around the construction.
- Part 6: California Energy Code – The California Energy Code has been introduced as a way to push builders to add energy efficient features to all buildings in order to meet statewide conservation goals. This will mainly effect lighting standards to help improve building energy efficiency and decrease energy consumption.
- Part 7 – Section 7 has recently been removed, and Part 8 is being used as a replacement.
- Part 8: Historical Building Code – In honor of longstanding traditions and buildings, the Historical Building Code outlines important information regarding renovation and preservation efforts.
- Part 9: California Fire Code – CFC enacts regulations aimed at reducing and restricting damage caused by fires and explosions by enforcing escape routes, fire suppression systems and detection devices.
- Part 10: California Existing Building Code – As a way of bringing previously constructed buildings up to par with current safety standards, part 10 outlines methods for reinforcement and updating of buildings.
- Part 11: California Green Building Standards – In addition to energy efficiency efforts, California has set forth green building standards for all public schools, government buildings and residential properties for green building practices to limit energy consumption.
- Part 12: Reference Standards Code – Section 12 of Title 24 outlines the appropriate testing standards and guidelines by which code enforcement personnel will judge compliance.
Diving into Part 6: California Energy Code
Title 24 covers a broad range of topics necessary for successful construction within California. It is important that all construction workers, contractors, realtors and developers are aware of current standards and codes to ensure safety and ongoing progress toward a stronger infrastructure and commercial real estate market.
While all of Title 24 is important, our colleagues have been talking about Part 6, the California Energy Code. The code covers such things as lighting regulations and other building energy efficiency standards that impact the way we approach commercial and office design.
In the upcoming months, CPM One Source will provide in-depth discussions on topics in Part 6 of Title 24. We will focus on what it all means, how it will impact your business and what needs to be done to stay in compliance with the new efficiency standards.